From time immemorial, the norms of sexual behavior for different categories of people were divided into belonging to one or another culture, but even within the same culture, there were differences. The most common of these differences is the standard, i.e., different norms of sexual behavior for men and women.
The ideal of “eternal femininity” of bourgeois morality of the XIX century. there were arguments the woman should be gentle, beautiful, soft, affectionate, but at the same time massive and dependent, allowing the man to feel towards her strong, energetic and prosperous. These feminine qualities are still highly appreciated today, forming the core of the man’s understanding of femininity, but in the female self-awareness, new features also appeared... Read More
Normal human psychosexual behavior is the result of the combined action of natural data and upbringing. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish the quantitative and qualitative aspects of sexuality.
The quantitative, or energy, side of sexuality is measured by the strength, duration and frequency of sexual reactions. GS Vasilchenko, giving her a system description and interpretation, calls her “the sexual constitution of the individual”, which he defines as a set of stable biological properties that are formed under the influence of hereditary factors and conditions of development in the prenatal period and early ontogeny; the sexual constitution limits the range of individual needs at a certain level of sexual activity and characterizes the individual resistance to pathogenic factors t... Read More
Attempts to give a universal definition of sexual health were undertaken by many researchers. However, most of them were not successful. This is due to the fact that in each culture there are specific features in attitudes, perceptions and assessments of sexuality. Cultural identity should be taken into account when developing programs for health education, primary prevention of sexual disharmony, psychotherapy counseling and treatment.
One of the attempts made to determine sexual health was experts of the World Health Organization. It sounds like this:
Sexual health is a complex of somatic, emotional, intellectual and social aspects of a person’s sexual existence, positively enriching a person, increasing the communicability of a person and his ability to love.
The concept of sexual healt... Read More
Premature psychosexual development is the early development of sexuality, which outstrips average age norms and puberty.
The cause of premature psychosexual development may be a congenital or early-childhood lesion of deep brain structures, which is manifested by a decrease in the threshold of excitability of the nerve structures that provide ejaculation and orgasm. This is the background that contributes to the consolidation of the negative effects of mental and social factors.
Premature psychosexual development can be and with some mental illnesses – the so-called psychogenically accelerated acceleration of psychosexual development. At the same time, sexual attraction is ahead of other manifestations of sexuality... Read More
The delay in psychosexual development is manifested in the fact that the timing of the onset of sexuality lags behind the age of the child.
This may be due to biological causes, for example, lag in sexual development. One of the causes is a disruption of the endocrine system. In severe disorders, for example, with congenital agonadism (underdevelopment of the sexual glands), it is possible to have asexuality – complete loss of sexual components in the mental development of the personality. This is the most profound and difficultly corrected delay in psychosexual development.
The delay in psychosexual development can be caused by disturbances in the development of the psyche, for example, with a general lag in mental development... Read More
Sexual self-awareness (autoidentification) is what a person realizes himself, a man or a woman. Under normal sexual self-awareness, boys, born with male sexual characteristics, realize themselves as boys, girls – accordingly – girls.
The formation of sexual self-awareness (1-5 years) is largely determined by sexual differentiation of the brain in the period of intrauterine development.
For the full formation of the process of brain differentiation in men, it is necessary to have a certain concentration of androgen (male sex hormone) in the fetus during the intrauterine period and its long-term effect, as well as the absence of estrogen (the female sex hormone)... Read More
About the pathogenic effects of masturbation before (up to the 60s of the early 70s of the XX century), wrote a lot and almost all those who touched on this topic. The opinion about sinfulness and its extreme harm existed for several centuries. In the Christian world, the idea of sinfulness of onanism was promoted by the spread of the worldview of a number of theologians. In this connection, in particular, Augustine (4th century AD) was mentioned, who believed that every sexual act and ejaculation should be carried out naturally and have as its goal the conception. Since masturbation did not lead to procreation, it was classified as a sinful act.
The opinion about the sinfulness of masturbation, which used to be called masturbation much earlier, was also supported by the fact that On... Read More
It is necessary to pay attention to the psychological and physiological (physiological processes, subject to tonic deceleration and phase acceleration) aspects of sleep. They are usually related, but this connection may be disrupted (for example, after stereotactic damage to the Kahal nucleus, which is probably accompanied by damage to the arch, which is an important part of the limbic system). It is possible that the physiological processes in the dream will proceed without disturbances, while in the mental component of sleep disorders appear, that is, the person will not see dreams or will not be able to recall them [Jovanovic, 1965]. However, only 40-50% of healthy men feel subjective in their sleep, usually at a young age.
Although erections are managed biologically in a dream, they ar... Read More
Sexual deviation (parapathy, paraphilia, parerosia, sexual paresthesia) refers to the basic concepts, meaning any deviation from the norm in sexual behavior, regardless of its manifestations and nature, severity and etiological factors. This concept includes both sexual disorders in the sense of deviations from social norms, and sexual disorders in the sense of deviations from medical norms.
In the medical literature, including even in the sexological, there is still no unity in the terminology and definition of sexual disorders, which causes misunderstandings and prevents mutual understanding. Some authors identify the concepts of deviation and sexual perversion (perversions), which is wrong... Read More
Just like the term “sexual potency”, the concept of sexual excitability has two meanings. Sexual excitability, estimated by the categories of the body’s reactions to the impact of the environment, especially on interpersonal influence *, indicates the degree of compliance, readiness and ease of occurrence of sexual arousal under the influence of external stimuli. Sexual excitability, estimated with regard to intra-personal features, indicates the speed of the cycle of sexual reactions, i.e. the rate of onset of orgasm since the onset of sexual arousal. Sexual excitability is all the more, the easier it comes sexual stimulation under the influence of various external stimuli and the faster the cycle of sexual reactions from the onset of sexual arousal to the onset of orgasm.
Sexual excitabi... Read More